History of Cell Phones
- 1921: The Detriot Police Department started using car-to-car
radios to talk betweek cars, but it wasn’t reliable.
- 1945: The first mobile phone service was established,it opened
in St. Louis, but unfortunately didn’t work well and it didn’t last.
- 1971:At&t proposed splitting phone service into cities across the
united states. These new areas were called cell. Hence, the word
“cell” in cellphones.
- 1983: Although it took 10 years, the first public cell phones
were put out by Motorola. The technology that Dr. Cooper invented.
- 1989: The famous flip phones were finally introduced to the public.
Motorola came up with the new trendy design.
- 2002:In 2002, not only did the first smart phone come out but also
the camera phone was made.
- 2007: Apple released its first generation of the Iphone which
changed the cellular industry completely.The main difference
was the first 3G network was launched. It changed the way
many people lived their lives.
What Technology do Cell Phones use?
Back in the 1980’s most cell phone used analog signal.It was
basically radio signal, which only allowed signals to travel in
short distance. However, a huge progress was made during the
1990’s. A new wireless licenses were auctioned off, and the newly
licensed carriers built out their systems using digital technology.
Two basic technologies in mobile phones are CDMA nad GSMA. CSMA
stands for code division multiple access and GSMA stands for
Global Systems for Mobiles.Some carriers that use CDMA are Sprint
and Verizon, whereas t-mobile uses GSM.
There are obviously pro’s and con’s for both CDMA and GSM.
With a GSM network it is easier to swap phones as all customer
information are in removable SIM card. If an Individual wants to
get a new phone, you simply take the card out and put it in a
different phone, and your phone number will be transferred.Whereas,
CDMA carriers use network based white lists for their subscribers.
Overall, it is still possible to switch from CDMA and GSM if the
user chooses to.
Comparison of the Top 4 Cell Phone Carriers
The Current ranking for best phone companies are: Verizon, At&t,
T-Mobile, and Sprint.
Verizon is known as one of the most dependable and expansive
network provider nationwide. It has up to 81 percent 4G coverage.
Verizon Offers two types of plans that costs 80 dollards and 90
dollards per month plus tax. The 80 dollar plan offers unlimited
4G LTE data. With this plan the speed might slow down after using
22GB in a single billing cycle.The 90 dollar plan gives people
up tp 15GB of high-speed mobile hotspot as well as the ability to
stream video in HD. Lastly, verizon will usually lower prices if
more lines are added to the plan.
At&t is ranked number two in terms of coverage and plan in
the United States. Since At&t is one of the big four cell phone
providers it operates its own cell phone towers. Although it is know
to be expensive, one advantage of having At& is a discount for
DirectTv. The plans that are offered are both unlimited and mobile
share flex plans. These plans can include a set amount of 4G data
which is also included unlimited talk and text that can be shared
between multiple lines. You can also buy data according to the
gigabytes you want. For example, 1gb, 5gb, 10gb, and 20gb.
T-mobile offers some great unlimited plan, leaving the ranking
at number 3. T-mobile has one of the fasted 4G networks,
performing particularly well in urban areas. However a downfall to
T-mobile is that it does not have much coverage in rural areas.
T-mobile also has two unlimited plans and a 10GB shareable plan
avaliable without a credit check. One of the base plans costs
75 dollars a month for an individual and 180 dollars for four lines.
This plan includes unlimited talk, text, and LTE data. The upgraded
plan for unlimited data entails paying 10 dollars more per month,
which gives you 10gb of 4g mobile hotspot data.
Sprint is known for having the lowest prices amongst the top
four carriers. However sprint is also known for having weak network
connection. Sprint is usually recommended for users who live within
food sprint coverage. Spring have one unlimited talk, text, and
data plan, where is offers 4G LTE up to 23GB with a mobile hotspot
and HD streaming. The plan costs 60 dollards per month with discounts
for additional lines.