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History of Video Surveillance Systems

CCTV Camera

Around the early 1880’s William Dickson and Thomas Edison both worked on movie camera technology called the Kinetograph and Kinetophone. The Univex8mm was a miniature movie camera or portable camera which came to be used in 1939. The closed circuit television system (CCTV) can be considered the first instance of video surveillance. In 1942, Germany created and monitored this technology so that they could view their V2 rockets launch into space. Soon after, in 1951, the Video Tape Recorder (VTR) was invented. This was monumental in the progress of video surveillance as this was the first time the videos could be recorded and preserved. In 1969, Marie Van Brittan Brown invented the first home video surveillance system. The system, for which she received a patent, had four peepholes and a camera that could be moved to look through the holes. In 1996 came a big change in the video surveillance world. The network attached IP cameras were introduced. In more recent years, specifically 2015, Sony introduced a new type of camera. This is a 4K camera.

References

Brovko, N., Bogush, R., and Ablameyko, S. (2013). Smoke detection algorithm for intelligent video surveillance system. Computer Science Journal Of Moldova, 21(1), 142156.

Delgado, R. (2013, August 14). From Edison to Internet. A History of Video Surveillance. Retrieved December 12, 2017, from www.business2community.com/tech-gadgets/from-edison-to-internet-a-history-of-video-surveillance-0578308.5yDbOPXlrq3yV3W6.97

Mesnik, B. (2017, July 19). The History of Video Surveillance. Retrieved December 12, 2017, from https://kintronics.com/the-history-of-video-surveillance/

Ming-Chih, C., and Yang-Ming, L. (2013). An Indoor Video Surveillance System with Intelligent Fall Detection Capability. Mathematical Problems In Engineering, 1-8. doi.10.1155/2013/839124

Rashwan, H., Solanas, A., Puig, D., and Martinez-Balleste, A. (2016). Understanding trust in privacy-aware video surveillance systems. International Journal Of Information Security, 15(3), 225-234. doi.10.1007/s10207-015-0286-9

WECU Surveillance, (2015). The History of Video Surveillance - from VCRs to Eyes in the Sky. (n.d.). Retrieved December 12, 2017, from http://www.wecusurveillance.com/cctvhistory