History of Google

Larry Page, who cofounded Google with Sergey Brin in 1998 as chief executive officer(CEO). Page was born in East Lansing, Michigan in 1973, and by the year of 1995, Page had received a computer engineering degree from the University of Michigan. At the age of 24, Larry Page decided to pursue a Ph.D in computer science in Stanford University, where he met Sergey Brin, who was assigned to show him around the campus. Brin, who is originally from Moscow in the Soviet Union, and graduated from Maryland University with bachelor's degree in mathematics and computer science where his father taught mathematics (Google Inc., History). Sergey Brin is also the president of Google's parents company Alphabet Inc. Brin immigrated to the United States when he was six. In college, Brin and Page crammed their dorm with many inexpensive computer and started writing program, they later on suspended their Ph.D studies at Stanford University to start up Google in a rented garage.

Page and Brin's friendship truly started to grow and deepen was in 1996, when Brin joined Page's Backrub research project, and later on they developed the PageRank algorithm which was named after Page, and the two hypothesized that they could produce better results than existing search engines using this tool. They finally renamed this searched engine Google which is driven from the mathematical word "googol" which is basically 1 with 100 zeros following it (Larry Page and Sergey Brin).

History of Yahoo

Yahoo was founded in 1994 by Jerry Yang and David Filo, who were both electrical engineers from Stanford University. Yahoo was renamed from a web directory the pair created called "Jerry and David's Guide to the World Wide Web", the "Yahoo.com" domain was officially created in 1995, and it brought such a great impact throughout the 1990s. In the year of 1995, Yang and Filo decided to expand the company by selling advertisements space on their site to improve the future growth. "By 1997, Internet surfers were using Yahoo to view approximately 65 million pages of electronic data each day. That year, Yahoo acquired online White Pages provider Four11 for 95 million. By mid 1998, over 40 million people were logging on to Yahoo each month, 12 million of whom had become registered Yahoo email users. Yahoo is the highest read news and media websites has many other categories like Yahoo Answers, Yahoo Finance and fantasy sports etc. However, from 2008 to early 2012, Yahoo was experiencing several large layoffs so that it made Yahoo have to cut off 2,000 jobs or about 14 percent of its 14,000 workers, and this cut was expected to save about 375 million annually at the end of 2012 (Revolvy, yahoo).

History of Bing

Bing was introduced in 2009 by Microsoft and was formerly Live Search and MSN Search. After experiencing all the changes like name changes and now Bing is the current web search engine from Microsoft where a great number of people would go online and look for answers. The marketshare of Microsoft web pages has been declining before the launch of Bing. Since then, Microsoft has increased its US search marketshare from 8 percent to 11.5 percent. Also in 2009, Yahoo and Bing made an agreement that Yahoo would use Bing to power search on Yahoo's web portal and would do special campaigns on Bing. As of 2016, although Bing's market share is not as competitive as Google or Yahoo's, it's still the second largest search engine in the United States.