Project Management involves planning and organization of a company's resources to move a specific task, event or duty toward completion. It typically involves a one-time project rather than an ongoing activity, and resources to move a specific task, event or duty toward completion. Typically involves a one-time project rahter than an ongoing activity, and resources managed include personnel, finances, technology, and intellectual property. A project manager helps to define the goals and objectives of the project and deteremines when the various project componenets are to be completed and by whom. The project manager also creates quality control checks to ensure completed components meet a certain standard.
In the late 19th century, the need for more structure in construction, manufacturing, and transportation sectors gave to rise to the modernproject management tactics we use today. For example, the creation of the Transcontinental Railroad, corduroy roads, and the rebuilding of the South after the Civil War were all major feats in the history of projct management. The Transcontinetal Railroad is considered to be the first, large-scale project management undertaking. The Transcontinental was a key factor in the industrial development of the United States, but people often forget the true scope of this project. It inlcuded traversing treacherous terrain and braving dangerous weather conditions to construct a railway and telegraph line.
The 19th century progressed, business leaders began to face the challenges of labor laws and regulations from the federal government. Henry Gantt, who played a crucial role in the history of project management, is considered the founding father of modern project management. Gant developed planning and control techniques to help business leaders succeed and comply with these new regulations. One example, is the creation of the famous Gannt Chart to ensure monitoring and control of the project schedule. This basic bar chart shows the phases of a project from inception to completion.
After WWII, project managers began to folow two mathematical ways of conducting and managing projects.PERT(Program Evaluation Review Technique), analyzes individual tasks by asserting a minimum amount of time for completion. The CPM(Critcal Path Method) factors in a project activities, how long the activities will take to complete, and the relationship between the activities and their end points. However, CPM quicly became riddled with confusion.
The rise of the computer played a major role in history of project management. Computers brought connectivity and communication to the forefront of project management in the 1980s. Technology grew into the 1990s, the internet became widely available through dial-up means. Project management entities created systems for project management purposes, but it was not until the late 19th century when the newfound era of computers and project management truly began.
Computer controlled options and complex algorthims were developed, project managers began to complete more work in less time with fewer errors than ever before. The growth of the internet led to web-based project management applications being developed. Today, web-based project management applications can be seen on mobile devices, individual computers, and wide-scale ERP systems. The efficient processes of project management have only been tapped for 150 years, project management has been around since the dawn of mankind. From amazing feats of engineering and construction in ancient times to the complex projects we see today, the history of project management is vast, extensive, and ever-growing.
PMP(Project Management Professional)
CAPM(Certified Associate in Project Management)
PMI-ACP(PMI Agile Certified Practioner)
PMI-RMP(PMI-Risk Management Professional)
PgMP(Program Management Professional)
PMI-PBA(Professional in Business Analysis)
PfMP(Portfolio Management Professional)
PMP(Project Management Professional): 791,488
CAPM(Certified Associate in Project Management):33,393
PMI-ACP(PMI Agile Certified Practioner): 16,929
PMI-RMP(PMI-Risk Management Professional): 4,197
PgMP(Program Management Professional):2,009
PMI-PBA(Professional in Business Analysis):1,618
PfMP(Portfolio Management Professional):454