Tech Brief

History of Smartphones

Your whole life is now available at the touch of your fingertips. Smartphones have made people's lives easier and much more comfortable. Since early 1970's, researchers have conceptualized devices that incorporate computing to the telephone. The typical smartphone usually has a touch screen, internet access, and an operating system capable of running applications. It has evolved from a simple phone that solely made phone calls to what it is today: more of an all-in-one compact computer. In 1993, relaeased the first smarphone, the Simon, that came with features of several different devices. This smartphone was an all in one device. Other important features included games, email, notepad, calculator, world clock, and address book all of which had a huge positive impact on its users.

During the early 2000's, there were a series of different smartphones that were realeased and incrementally improved upon itself. In 2001, smartphones had a brick-like aesthetic that had a 3.5 inch touch screen, a flip cover and a stylus. The first smartphone that had the camera feature came out in 2002. Two years later, the infamous Blackberry took over the market. Most businesses adopted the Blackberry as work phones since it was the first phone that could access email and provide limited internet services. Apple's first iPhone was introduced in 2007 and later in 2009, Samsung realeased the Galaxy S. This began the heated rivalry between the two infamous comapnies - Apple and Samsung which is prevalent till this day and which will be discussed later in the document.

History of iPhones

Apple Inc. or originally known as Apple Computer Inc., was founded by Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak in 1977, in Cupertino, CA. They began this incredibly successful company by creating the Apple computer in 1976. Apple Inc is now a digital distributor of multimedia content that creates consumer electronics, servers, personal computers, and software. The infamous chain of Apple stores are Apple's retail stores. The main product lines of Apple are the iPhone, the iPad, and the iPod, which is slowly being endangered.

The first iPhone was released in 2007, however the journey of the iPhone began years before, with the release of the iPod. The iPod, a device which revolutionized the way we listen to music, was so popular that the iPhone was designed to mimic the popular features of the iPod. Of course with the addition of increased functionality, such as accessibility to the web and ability to make phone calls, the iPhone became a huge success. Millions lined up to purchase the first ever one, and has increasingly gained popularity throughout the years. It has become a major status symbol to have the newest version of the coolest and most stylish piece of technology on the market since. The first iPhone included a 2-megapixel camera(the front-facing camera was not included in the first model),a Samsung 32-bit, 412 MHz processor with 128 GB RAM(Apple was not making its own processors at this point of time), Wifi capabilities, Bluetooth 2.0, GPS, headphone jack, and the version of iOS which was upgradable to iOS 3.3.

iPhone XS/XS Max

With the release of the iPhone XS on September 21, 2018, the main goal of this upgrade was to improve upon the previous model, the iPhone X. The iPhone X consisted of a significant remodeling of the functionality as well as the aesthetic of the iPhone. Higher speed, and almost complete resistance to water and dust were also crucial features that made the iPhone X a significant upgrade from its previous models. Most sources state that the iPhone X and XS are quite alike in terms of design - both are identical in size, with the XS weighing 0.01 ounces less. The most significant upgrade of the iPhone XS is said to be the A12 processor from the A11 processor. It has 6 cores, 4GB of RAM and maximum speed capabilities of 2.49 GHz, and last but not least, it is preloaded with the iOS 12.

In 2017, Apple was ranked at the top for pushing entry-level pricing of a product to $1,000, with the iPhone X, and then again in 2018, with the hefty price of the iPhone XS Max. Jason Cipriani from ZD Net awarded the iPhone XS Max a very impressive score of 9.6/10. The 64 GB model of the iPhone XS Max starts at $1.099, which runs upto $1,449 with the 512 GB model.The iPhone XS Max has outperformed all other phones in the benchmarking testing, as well as its speed, with its Apple A12 bionic chipset. It makes quite a compelling product with it's new camera software, OLED screen, and good sized battery.

History of Samsung Galaxy phones

The history of the Samsung Galaxy series strarted out in 2010, has brewed up a "long but not always brilliant history" over the past nine years.Samsung's first successful, well-made smartphone was unveiled in March of 2010. Although it was not Samsung's first phone, it was Samasung's first smartphone that sold substantially in the industry market in high volumes. Sources state that the first Galaxy may have been inspired by the iPhone 4 and Nexus One by Google. Equipped with a 5-megapixel camera, 4-inch 480 x 800-pixel display and up to 4GB storage, it satisfied quite a large market. Later, in February 2011, Samsung released the proper upgrade to the Galaxy S with the Galaxy S II at the Mobile World Congress in Barcelona. Some of the upgrades that the Galaxy S II featured were the screen size was increased to 4.3 inches, the software was Android 2.3 Gingerbread, and a 8-megapixel rear facing camera. It was also one of the very first phone to be equiped with NFC on board.

Samsung Galaxy S10/S10 Plus

The Samsung Galaxy S10 Plus packs a great deal of technology and capability that one will not find on any other smartohone today. Samsung invested a lot of time and effort into making the Galaxy S10 Plus with a larger battery capacity, new processor, two extra cameras, and more RAM, clearly deserving to be at the top of the market. Furthermore, the S10 is also preloaded with an improved software - One UI, and has the ability to charge other devices wirelessly! The Samsung Galaxy S10 Plus consists of all the incredible Galaxy Foundation features including fast wireless charging, a super AMOLED screen, expandable microSD storage and almost completely water resistant. It is also capable of providing a fully functional desktop experience by a quick and easy process of extending it to an external monitor via Samsung DeX. The new Glaaxy Buds can be charged using the wireless charging technology provided on the back of the Galaxy S10 Plus.

Starting at only $899.9 for the 128GB version of the Galaxy S10, it goes upto $1,149.99 for the 512 GB model. The S10 Plus has an entry price of $99.99 for the 128 GB model and maxes at $1,599.99 for the 1TB ceramic model. The 512 GB ceramic model is available for $1,249.99, still significantly less than the iPhone XS Max, keeping in mind that the maximum potential storage is much more for the Galaxy S10 Plus via the microSD card slot.

Apple and Samsung Rivalry

Although many may assume that the competition between Samsung and Apple are constantly neck-to-neck, this assumption is not true. With the difference of timing between the releases of each flagship by the two different companies, both are rarely at the top at the same time, Apple ususally releases their new iPhone in the fall which leads to their market share making a huge increase in fourth quarter sales. On the other hand, Samsung relaeases their new Galaxy in the spring which then causes Samsung's market share make a huge jump while Apple's market share falls. Tje two companies seem to counteract each other everytime they release a new product, causing both companies to suffer at a certain point during the year. A situation where both companies' market shares are similar is a very rare occurance. It is difficult to determine who truly wins - Apple or Samsung, because neither company backs down, nor do they give up. However, the gap between the two rival companies is very close.