File1, 2, & 3 for jgray:



As technology evolved, the idea of cloud computing moved ahead incrementall
y, with little major advancement until the last year of the 1960s.

In the mid 1960s, and American computer scientist named J.C.R. Licklider ca
me up with an idea for an interconnected system of computers. In 1969, Lick
lider's revolutionary idea helped Bob Taylor and Larry Roberts develop some
thing known as APRANET.

APRANET is widely known as the predecessor of of the Internet as was the fi
rst network that allowed digital sources to be shared among computers that
were not in the same physical location.


Licklider also envisioned a world where everyone would be connected. To hav
e the ability to access specific programs and data, regardless of where the
access point might be located.

If this sounds familiar, that's because it should. It's what is known toda
y as cloud computing.

Licklider, then, deserves recognition as perhaps one of the most important
people in the creation of the modern Internet and cloud computing. It woul
dn't be hyperbolic to call him the father of cloud computing technology.


The decades that followed, from the 1970s, to the 1990s, saw many advanceme
ents in the technology required fro true cloud computing.

Computer giant IBM, for example, released an operating system in 1972 calle
d the VM (Virtual Machine). The 1990s saw several telecommunications compan
ies offer their own versions of virtualized private networks (VPNs).

Once it started to spread, cloud computing caught on quickly and just kept
growing. While there is some dispute about the term's origin, cloud computi
ng was already a vibrant and growing asset for companies, educational facil
ities, and many others by 1996.

No lines are longer than 80 characters, TYVM. Other specified properties aren't being scored automatically at this time so this is not necessarily good news...