File1, 2, & 3 for jcoveney:



Comcast Corporation (formerly registered as Comcast Holdings) is an American
telecommunications conglomerate headquartered in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
It is the second-largest broadcasting and cable television company in the world
by revenue and the largest pay-TV company, the largest cable TV company and
largest home Internet service provider in the United States, and the nation's
third-largest home telephone service provider. Comcast services U.S.
residential and commercial customers in 40 states and in the District of
Columbia. As the owner of the international media company NBCUniversal since
2011, Comcast is a producer of feature films and television programs intended
for theatrical exhibition and over-the-air and cable television broadcast,

Comcast owns and operates the Xfinity residential cable communications
subsidiary, Comcast Business, a commercial services provider, Xfinity Mobile,
an MVNO of Verizon, over-the-air national broadcast network channels
(NBC, Telemundo, TeleXitos and Cozi TV), multiple cable-only channels
(including MSNBC, CNBC, USA Network, Syfy, NBCSN, and E!, among others),
the film studio Universal Pictures, and Universal Parks & Resorts. It also
has significant holdings in digital distribution, such as thePlatform, which
it acquired in 2006. Since October 2018, it is also the parent company of mass
media pan-European company Sky, making it the biggest and leading media company
with more than 53 million subscribers over five countries across Europe.

Comcast has been criticized for multiple reasons; its customer satisfaction
often ranks among the lowest in the cable industry. In addition, Comcast
has violated net neutrality practices in the past, and, despite Comcast's
commitment to a narrow definition of net neutrality, critics advocate a
definition which precludes any distinction between Comcast's private network
services and the rest of the Internet. Critics also point out a lack of
competition in the vast majority of Comcast's service area; there is limited
competition among cable providers. Furthermore, given Comcast's negotiating
power as a large ISP, some suspect that Comcast could leverage paid peering
agreements to unfairly influence end-user connection speeds. Its ownership of
both content production (in NBCUniversal) and content distribution (as an ISP)
has raised antitrust concerns. These issues, in addition to others, led to
Comcast being dubbed "The Worst Company in America" by The Consumerist
in 2010 and 2014.


Verizon Communications Inc. is an American multinational telecommunications
conglomerate and a corporate component of the Dow Jones Industrial Average.
The company is based at 1095 Avenue of the Americas in Midtown Manhattan,
New York City, but is incorporated in Delaware.

In 1984, the United States Department of Justice mandated AT&T Corporation
to break up the Bell System and split into seven companies, each a Regional
Bell Operating Company (RBOC), and commonly referred to as "Baby Bells".
One of the Baby Bells, Bell Atlantic, came into existence in 1984,
consisting of the separate operating companies New Jersey Bell, Bell of
Pennsylvania, Diamond State Telephone, and C&P Telephone, with a trading
area from New Jersey to Virginia. This company would later become Verizon.

As part of a rebranding of the Baby Bells in the mid-1990s, all of Bell
Atlantic's operating companies assumed the holding company's name. In 1997,
Bell Atlantic expanded into New York and the New England states by merging with
fellow Baby Bell NYNEX. Although Bell Atlantic was the surviving company name,
the merged company moved its headquarters from Philadelphia to NYNEX's old
headquarters in New York City. In 2000, Bell Atlantic acquired GTE, which
operated telecommunications companies across most of the rest of the country
that was not already in Bell Atlantic's footprint. Bell Atlantic, the
surviving entity, changed its name to "Verizon", a portmanteau of veritas
(Latin for "truth") and horizon.

In 2015, Verizon expanded into content ownership by acquiring AOL, and two
years later it acquired Yahoo!. AOL and Yahoo were amalgamated into a new
division named Oath Inc. (currently known as Verizon Media).

As of 2016, Verizon is one of three remaining companies that had their roots
in the former Baby Bells. The other two, like Verizon, exist as a result of
mergers among fellow former Baby Bell members. SBC Communications bought out
the Bells' former parent AT&T Corporation, and assumed the AT&T name.
CenturyLink was formed initially in 2011 by the acquisition
of Qwest (formerly named US West).

Verizon's subsidiary Verizon Wireless is the second largest U.S. wireless
communications service provider as of April 2019, with 153.1 million mobile
customers. And as of 2017, Verizon is the only publicly traded
telecommunications company to have two stock listings in its home country, both
the NYSE (principal) and NASDAQ (secondary). As of 2017, it is also the second
largest telecommunications company by revenue after AT&T.


AT&T Inc. is an American multinational conglomerate holding company
headquartered at Whitacre Tower in Downtown Dallas, Texas. It is the world's
largest telecommunications company, the largest provider of mobile telephone
services, and the largest provider of fixed telephone services in the United
States through AT&T Communications. Since June 14, 2018, it is also the parent
company of mass media conglomerate WarnerMedia, making it the world's largest
media and entertainment company in terms of revenue. As of 2018, AT&T is
ranked #9 on the Fortune 500 rankings of the largest United States
corporations by total revenue.

AT&T began its history as Southwestern Bell Telephone Company, a subsidiary of
the Bell Telephone Company, founded by Alexander Graham Bell in 1877. The Bell
Telephone Company evolved into American Telephone and Telegraph Company in
1885, which later rebranded as AT&T Corporation. The 1982 United States v. AT&T
antitrust lawsuit resulted in the divestiture of AT&T Corporation's ("Ma Bell")
subsidiaries or Regional Bell Operating Companies (RBOCs), commonly referred to
as "Baby Bells", resulting in several independent companies, including
Southwestern Bell Corporation; the latter changed its name to SBC
Communications Inc. in 1995. In 2005, SBC purchased its former parent AT&T
Corporation and took on its branding, with the merged entity naming itself
AT&T Inc. and using its iconic logo and stock-trading symbol. In 2006,
AT&T Inc. acquired BellSouth, the last independent Baby Bell company, making
their formerly joint venture Cingular Wireless (which had acquired
AT&T Wireless in 2004) wholly owned and rebranding it as AT&T Mobility.

The current AT&T reconstitutes much of the former Bell System, and includes
ten of the original 22 Bell Operating Companies along with the original long
distance division.

No lines are longer than 80 characters, TYVM. Other specified properties aren't being scored automatically at this time so this is not necessarily good news...