A flute is a musical instrument that produces sound when a stream of air against the edge of a hole, casuing the air within he body of the instrument to vibrate.Most flutes are tubular, but some are globular or other shapes. Every flute is an individually crafted wotk of art. The flutemaker must consider the needs of the musician who will use the flute. Students need relatively inexpensive but reliable instruments. Professional musicians must have instruments of very high quality, often with special changes made in the keys to accommodate special needs. The most individual portion of a flute is the head joint. Professional musicians often test several head joints before selecting one which produces the sound they prefer. Head joints are often manufactured to meet the special demands of individual musicians.
Some flutes are held vertically and are played by blowing air against the edge of a hole in the end of the flute. There instruments include Japanese bamboo flutes and the panpipe. The panpipe, alsi known as the syrinx, consists of several vertical flutes of various sizes joined together. Some modern flutes are made from wood that produces a different sound from metal flutes. These wooden flutes generally have metal keys and mechanisms. Most flutes are made of metal. Less expensive flutes, intended for students, may be made from alloys of nickel and other metals. More expensive flutes may be plated with silver.
Flutes have existed since prehistoric times. A fragment of a cave bear thigh bone containing two holes, discovered in slovenia in 1995, is believed by some scientists to be part of a flute used by Neanderthals more than 43,000 years ago. Flutes were used by the Sumerians and Egyptians thousands of years ago. Some ancient Egyptian flutes have survived, preserved in tombs by the arid desert climate. This Egyptian instrument was a vertical flute, about one yard long and about 0.5 inches wide, with between two to six finger holes. Modern versions of this flute are still used in the Middle East today.
No lines are longer than 80 characters, TYVM. Other specified properties aren't being scored automatically at this time so this is not necessarily good news...